Category: Scaffolding

Scaffolding Instruction In Education

Understanding Scaffolding Instruction

Scaffolding instruction is a teaching method that allows educators to organise a learning process which systematically breaks down information into digestible, manageable chunks. This immersive method imparts the necessary skills and knowledge for the learner to be able to understand and master a particular subject or skill independently in the future. Through scaffolded instruction, educators aim at creating self-directed, independent learners.

Scaffolding instruction often comes in steps, gradually decreasing the level of teacher involvement as the student grows in his or her ability to understand the content. The strategy includes giving the student a variety of supports during the learning process which are gradually removed as the student becomes more competent.

Benefits of Scaffolding Instruction

Scaffolding instruction has several benefits. One notable benefit is the promotion of a deeper learning. Scaffolded instruction fosters an engaging and enriching learning environment where students are encouraged to dive deeper into their studies. As the student moves through each layer of understanding, the learning becomes increasingly meaningful.

Additionally, scaffolding instruction is beneficial as it caters to the unique needs of different learners. With this instruction method, learners who may struggle with grasping a concept can receive the extra assistance they need. On the other hand, learners who are quick to understand can move forward at a pace that suits them.

Practical Application of Scaffolding Instruction

In the practical application of scaffolding instruction, an example may be when an individual is trying to understand how to operate new machinery in a factory. Initially, the instructor will explain and demonstrate each task in detail. As the learner gains more understanding and can carry out each task with less guidance, the instructor then scales back their involvement, allowing the learner to become more independent.

The instructor may also use various tools and resources to enhance understanding such as videos, manuals, or drills. To further illustrate this application consider a scenario in industrial construction, where there is a need to hire industrial scaffolding Newcastle NSW. Employees need to be taught how to assemble and use the scaffolding safely. In this instance, the instructor will not only explain how the assembly is done but will also demonstrate, supervise, and finally handover the task to the learners when he/she is confident in their ability to perform it independently.


In conclusion, scaffolding instruction is a proven, effective teaching method which, when properly implemented, can help learners in any setting, be it a classroom or an industry, to maximise their learning potential and become self-directed, confident individuals. Whether you need to use this particular teaching method in the academic field or in the industrial setting such as when you hire industrial scaffolding Newcastle NSW, this constructive approach facilitates learner independence and paves the way for deeper, more engaging learning experiences.

Improvement Location Surveys

By Charles Lee Iner

Improvement location surveys are intended to depict on-site property improvements that have been proposed or to record existing or recent improvements that have been made on a property. These surveys ensure that improvements are within the boundary lines of the property and are not lying in setbacks or other rights-of way or easements. The need for land surveying is because of a need for accurate property records and assurance of compliance within building regulations and land use, as well as to confirm zoning requirements are met within a building project. Any time that improvements are made to a property, it is typical to get a survey performed so that the property can be verified for accuracy and regulated use. These survey drawings may be required by local zoning authorities or by mortgage companies. It is also useful to have an improvement location survey completed before purchasing a home to be sure that you are not buying a property with encroachment issues.

There are a variety of different types of equipment that can be used in land surveying for improvements on a property, and these tools make it easy for surveyors to get the information that they need much quicker than ever before. Identifying property improvements through a survey is necessary for many renovations or modifications that are made to a property for legal reasons. Keep in mind that improvement surveys are NOT the same as Improvement Location Certificates (ILCs), and that a certificate is not for the use of a property owner.

A certificate of improvement locations is simply for the title insurance company and/or the mortgage broker, and people need to be certain that they are actually getting a survey when they request one. Certificates will be cheaper and require less time to complete, but they are not going to provide what most land owners need when they are seeking improvement location surveys. Home owners and land owners need to be cautious in seeking this type of survey and ensure that they are actually getting a survey done on the property that is useable for their needs.

Improvement location surveys are ideal for property owners to have proof that their improvements are within regulations and approved by regulating authorities. They help to keep the property deed record updated so that the county can track the property exactly as it is and ensure that its use falls within legal allowance. Getting land and building surveys done can be a complicated process for some people, but taking the time to understand what you are getting involved with will often make it easier than you might realize. In order to know whether an improvement location survey is necessary for you, check with your regulating authorities to see what they require or call your local professional land survey company.

Although professional land survey companies that do improvement location surveys are not hard to find, a home owner should do background research and keep in mind though that not all land survey companies provide the same level of service.

About the Author: We at Point to Point Land Surveyors pride ourselves on accuracy, customer service and quality work delivered on time, guaranteed. Commercial, Residential and Telecommunication land surveys are our specialties.


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Side Effects Of Anabolic Steroids

By Billy Henders

Anabolic Steroids are prevalent nowadays. Many athletes use them to increase performance. Even though it may have some good benefits, there are side effects. These types of steroids promote skeletal muscle growth and enhance male sexual qualities. They are commonly used by body builders, weightlifters and others associated with strength training. With its ability to improve muscular performance and decrease fats in the body, athletes have increased potential. That is why it is illegal for athletes who are joining a certain official competitions to use them. They can be injected or taken orally. Dosages depend on the condition and age of the person. Here are some of their side effects.

Some side effects are serious and some are more common. It is said that orally taken steroids have more adverse effects. This type affects the liver in particular. Anabolic steroids are said to reduce the livers excretory purposes. The liver can be damaged from a bleeding cystic condition which is patently dangerous. Moreover, the use of steroids has been connected to liver cancer, but this is still being studied.

In the cardiovascular system, anabolic steroids can cause changes in the heart processes and strokes are possible especially to those who are taking oral steroids. In the male reproductive system, it is said that these can cause erectile dysfunction and could also lead to impotence even though sexual energy is enhanced. Atrophy or shrinking of the testicles can also occur and is associated with very high dosages of anabolic steroids.

Since the skin is the largest organ of the human body, it cannot be considered safe from these adverse side effects, enlarged skin pores, especially in women because their skin is more sensitive than men is common. This process is also known as virilization and it is an irreversible side-effect. Acne is another problem. Intake of steroids can worsen the condition of existing acne conditions. Stretch marks are also expected to appear, especially in women. It is not true that steroids cause baldness, but it can speed up the process of its occurrence.

Internal changes are also expected. With high dosages of anabolic steroids, both men and women may experience a change in behavior. Usually, it is associated with an increase in aggression and rage behavior. Some athletes consider this advantageous because they need the rage to optimize their performance. However, it is also not uncommon to feel severe depression. This usually results in huge weight gains and self confidence falters. In addition, feminization occurs in males. With the huge amounts of testosterone, some may be converted to estrogen which is the female sex hormone.

This is the side effect that most body builders do not want to experience. In females, masculinization occurs. This results in a more masculine behavior and nature. This may enhance growth of body hairs. However, symptoms vary from person to person. Some men develop breasts because of the high intake of these anabolic steroids. They can only be removed by plastic surgery. This condition is called Gynecomastia. The risk of cardiovascular diseases is also increased. Decreased growth, kidney problems, severe headaches, liver problems, and immune system deficiencies are also side effects of taking anabolic steroids. So what do you think? Still up for it?

About the Author: To access more articles on anabolic steroids or for additional information and resources visit this

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Grandma And Grandpa’s Root Cellar Re Lived Today

Grandma And Grandpa’s Root Cellar Re-lived Today by Mr Green thumbWhat can a root cellar do for you? It can give you fresh endive in December; savory Chinese cabbage in January; juicy apples in February; crisp carrots in March; and sturdy potatoes in AprilRoot cellars are as useful today as ever. In fact, root cellars in all forms are very up-to-date, what with the costs of food and its processing getting higher every year. As we see it, root cellars are right up there with wood heat, bicycles and backyard gardens as a simple, low-technology way of living well ” independently.The term “root cellars,” as used here, includes the whole range of ingenious vegetable-saving techniques, from hillside caves to garden trenches. The traditional root cellar is an underground storage space for vegetables and fruits. Where space and lay of the land permit, these cellars are dug into a hill and then lined with brick, stone or concrete block. Dirt-floored or insulated basement rooms ” less picturesque but probably more numerous.It’s amazing how the uprooted plants can maintain their quality and appearance for months with no sunlight, water, or nutrients while standing on the cold, earth floor of the root cellar. Root cellars aren’t high on the list of options for home builders anymore, but you can recreate the conditions using crawl spaces or unheated storage areas. Barrels or large containers sunk into the ground at an angle and insulated with straw and earth can also serve as improvised root cellars for storing fresh produce.Most modern basements are too warm for long-term winter storage, but you can create an indoor version of the cellars that have long served homesteaders well by walling off a basement corner and adding the vents. The two vents create a siphon effect that lets you regulate the flow of cold outside air into the insulated cellar room, allowing the temperature to remain near freezing through the winter months.Rules for Storing Winter VegetablesWhatever produce you stash in your keeping room, there are several rules of thumb that will help the food stay sound and healthy until you’re ready to eat it.1. Treat all winter-keeping vegetables gently at all stages of harvest, preparation, and storage. Bruised produce spoils sooner.2. Store only your best fruits and vegetables. Cut, bruised or diseased vegetables not only spoil more quickly but also encourage spoilage in neighboring foods.3. Pick produce at maturity”neither unripe nor overripe.4. Harvest fruits and vegetables during a dry spell if possible.5. Leave vegetables in the garden as long as possible, but keep an eye on the cooler fall weather and rescue them before First killer frost hits. Beets, for example, can stay out well past the first light frosts, but they should be dug before night temperatures dip to 24F unless their exposed shoulders are well protected by mulch. Low temperatures in the autumn encourage vegetables to store more sugars and starches and less water, making them better keepers.6. Choose varieties of vegetables that are well-adapted to storage: Long Season beets, cabbage, and potatoes, for instance.7. After digging root vegetables, chill them as promptly as possible. Don’t leave them out in the sun.Preparing Vegetables for Root Cellar StorageTo prepare root vegetables for winter storage, simply trim the green tops, leaving a one-inch stub (if left untrimmed, the top growth will decay and encourage the deterioration of adjacent roots. Take care not to cut the root flesh, and don’t cut off root tips, either”any skin break invites spoilage.In addition to the above-mentioned foods, you can store your canned tomatoes, peaches, pears, green beans, peas, fish and meat, in fact, any type of canned foods in your root cellar. They will provide a pleasing array of natural colors; the result of a summer’s hard work and patience, all neatly lined up on shelves.There are several types of the root cellar and different ways in which to construct one. There’s the Hatch Cellar, Hillside Cellar, and the Above Ground Cellar.Above Ground Cellar.The Hatch Cellar usually consists of a large hole dug into the ground then lined with rocks. The floor is left in its natural state, just plain dirt. Beams and plywood sheets are securely laid over the hole, with a hatch door incorporated into the ceiling/floor, along with the installation of a ladder for safe and easy access. A shed is then built over the top of the cellar, overlapping the walls by about three feet each sideThe Above Ground Cellar is made from a wood frame, covered thickly with sod on the outside, lined inside with rocks, with a regular insulated door at the front.The Hillside Cellar is dug out of a hillside, lined with rocks, and then a plywood ceiling is attached to overhead support beams. This type of cellar has a regular insulated door to walk throughIt’s amazing how the uprooted plants can maintain their quality and appearance for months with no sunlight, water, or nutrients while standing on the cold, earth floor of the root cellar. Root cellars aren’t high on the list of options for home builders anymore, but you can recreate the conditions using crawl spaces or unheated storage areas. Barrels or large containers sunk into the ground at an angle and insulated with straw and earth can also serve as improvised root cellars for storing fresh produce. A few weeks of curing and they will be ready to hang up in your root cellar or somewhere cool-ideally 60-70% humidity with a temperature of 35- 40F.When our house was built in 1979 there was a wood room for a wood stove, already had the vent in it. We built shelves and bins for produce. I use saw dust and sand to protect the vegetables from air exposure. The cellar keeps a constant 36 degrees even when it gets below zero, very impressive. I am sure it gets some heat from the basement walls. This intern save us money, we only have one chest freezer for meat. Next year I would like to use some of the old-time meat preservation techniques.The love of gardening has brought us to the gardening tool business.Unique garden tools brought to you by Hand tools, garden supplies, pots and planters, power tools and composting supplies Garden Tools We do not sell generic tools by any means. These tools are for serious Gardener,s as well as beginner’s who enjoy well-crafted tools. No disappointments. Happy Gardening. Enjoy!Article Source:


Be Your Own Modular Home Builder

By Michael Zenga

Because about 85 percent of a modular home is built in the factory before it arrives to your lot, many homeowners opt to be their own general contractor. This indeed has many advantages in additional cost savings and as well as control. By applying for a ‘sweat equity’ finance loan there is a degree of savings, and overall being your own contractor can save you 10 to 30 percent in expenses. This makes this option attractive for some.

However, you will be earning your savings as you handle the tasks for which the builder is responsible. You will either complete or arrange subcontractors to complete several components of the site work and finishing work for your modular home. The following items are areas that will deserve your attention:

Land/Lot – Finding a lot for building is one of the earliest steps, but additional factors are required as well regarding the lot. This includes finding a surveyor to survey the lot, as well as an excavation crew to mold the lot according to where drainage patterns and clearing must occur. Also, a site plan drawn up by an engineer will be needed so that building permits can be obtained. This encompasses soil samples as well as drainage grades as well.


Foundation – Either a structural or foundation engineer will need to be contracted to assist with accurate foundation plans. Once designed, concrete services and framing will be needed to form the foundation accordingly. This is an important step particularly for modular homes.

Permitting – A laundry list of permits are needed including a building permit, electrical permit, foundation permit, etc. In addition, before completion, pest company evaluation of the soil and structure is needed, as well as a department of health inspection for many towns.

Crane and Set Crew – These may be provided by the manufacturer, but you are still responsible for overseeing their work and making sure they are available for the set-up process. You may decide to hire them outside of the manufacturer as this could save additional money; but be sure they are experienced in modular homes.

Connections and Finishing Work – Here you will need several subcontractors to assist with necessary items in completing your home after arrival. Subcontractors include electricians, plumbers, HVAC personnel, painters, flooring specialists, drywall repair experts, countertop installers, and possibly roofers. While the button up and tie in work is not vast, it is varied enough that an array of specialists are required.

Landscaping – This includes both ‘soft’ landscaping such as plants, lawn and trees as well as ‘hard’ landscaping such as driveways, walkways, decking and patios. Asphalt specialists may be needed for driveways as well as concrete or masonry specialists for other areas.

While this list is not entirely complete, it does cover the major areas. Compared to a site-built home, the task of being your own builder is far less challenging. Modular homes do facilitate your own involvement in being the builder which can save you a great deal of money in the end.

About the Author: Michael Zenga founded ZN Custom Building in 2002 which specialized in building modular homes in the Boston, MA area. Their Be Your Own Builder service always clients to act as their own building manager thus saving significant building costs.


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